Negative Reinforcement: A form
of operant conditioning in which an unpleasant
experience is removed when the animal exhibits the
desired behavior and the target behavior increases.
Positive Reinforcement: A form
of operant conditioning in which the animal experiences
a pleasant consequence if it exhibits a desired
behavior, and the frequency of the target behavior
Luring: A form of operant
conditioning in which a treat or some other valued item
is used to facilitate the animal physically moving in a
Shaping: A form of operant
conditioning in which the animal is reinforced for
engaging in behaviors that are progressively slightly
more like the desired behavior.
Desensitization: The exposure
of an animal to a stimulus that normally causes an
undesirable response, but at such a low level of
intensity that the undesired response does not occur.
Over time, the stimulus is repeated with gradually
increasing intensity, without the undesirable response.
Counterconditioning: Teaching the
opposite response to a previously learned response to a