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Dog Neutering - Q&A

Indications To Do A Workup

Pet Professional Tip

Recommend to clients a pre-anesthetic blood panel for maximum pet safety and to begin a health baseline for the pet.  Consider the following while the pet in under anesthesia:

1.  Nail trim
2.  ID Chip or Tattoo
3.  Remove baby teeth
4.  Teeth clean
5.  Matt removal

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Female dogs and cats are spayed by removing their ovaries and uterus. Males are neutered by removing their testicles. In both cases the operation is performed by a licensed veterinarian while the pet is under anesthesia. There are many benefits to these procedures as well as to permanent identification.

Spaying and neutering pets is the best solution to help reduce the tremendous pet overpopulation and number of now exists in the United States.

Spaying and Neutering

The newest school of thought in veterinary medicine is you may spay and neuter male and female dogs and cats any time after two months of age, but ideally around 6 months. Some veterinarians think the sooner - the better because there is less blood loss, the animals heal more rapidly, and the surgery is uncomplicated by the development of fat and muscle mass.

It is recommended that all pets be spayed or neutered unless they are specifically selected for a breeding program because they have been carefully evaluated and are considered the "best in health" and "best in behavior" for their breed based on genetics.

Spaying Females

Spaying eliminates the possibility of uterine or ovarian cancer and greatly reduces the incidence of breast cancer, particularly when your dog is spayed before her first estrous cycle. It can also eliminate or reduce the incidence of a number of health problems, like pyometra (inflammation of the uterus), which can be very difficult and expensive to treat. In addition, spaying prevents the household mess of going through a heat cycle (bloody vaginal discharge), the behavior and temperament problems that can be associated with heat, and the nuisance of roaming, neighborhood male dogs chasing after and entering the yard when the female is in heat.

Neutering Males

Neutering males eliminates testicular cancer and decreases the incidence of prostate disease. In addition, it can reduce many objectionable male behaviors such as aggression, biting, and urine marking. Neutering makes male pets less likely to roam the neighborhood, run away, and get into fights.

Spaying and neutering pets is the best solution to positively impact the tremendous pet overpopulation problem that exists in the United States. It is estimated that more than 2 million dogs and 4 million cats are euthanized each year in the United States simply because there are not enough homes for them. Controlling reproduction is an important part of responsible pet ownership.



The ideal time to implant a microchip is when the pet is anesthetized to be spayed or neutered (although anesthesia in not required for the placement of a microchip). It involves simply the injection of a chip, the size of a grain of rice, under the pet's skin.  

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